US rejects China’s attempts to treat South China Sea as its ‘maritime empire’

Mike Pompeo

WASHINGTON: The world is not going to enable China to treat the strategically vital South China Sea as its “maritime empire,” the US has asserted, as it vowed to help apprehensive Southeast Asian international locations towards Beijing’s “campaign of bullying” to management the resource-rich area.
Beijing claims virtually all the 1.three million sq. mile South China Sea as its sovereign territory. China has been constructing army bases on synthetic islands within the area additionally claimed by Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam.
Beijing has impeded business exercise like fishing or mineral exploration by international locations like Vietnam and the Philippines, claiming that the possession of territory belonged to China for a whole bunch of years.
Asserting that the “Chinese predatory world view” has no place within the 21st century, US secretary of state Mike Pompeo on Monday categorically rejected the territorial claims made by Beijing within the South China Sea.
“The world will not allow Beijing to treat the South China Sea as its maritime empire. America stands with our Southeast Asian allies and partners in protecting their sovereign rights to offshore resources, consistent with their rights and obligations under international law,” Pompeo stated in a significant coverage announcement.
The United States, he stated, stands with the worldwide neighborhood within the defence of freedom of the seas and respect for sovereignty and rejects any push to impose “might makes right” within the South China Sea or the broader area.
Pompeo stated China can’t lawfully assert a maritime claim- together with any unique financial zone (EEZ) claims derived from Scarborough Reef and the Spratly Islands- vis-a-vis the Philippines in areas {that a} tribunal discovered to be within the Philippines’ EEZ or on its continental shelf.
The US, he stated, rejects any Chinese declare to waters past a 12-nautical mile territorial sea derived from islands it claims within the Spratly Islands (with out prejudice to different states’ sovereignty claims over such islands).
Also, China has no lawful territorial or maritime declare to (or derived from) James Shoal, a completely submerged function solely 50 nautical miles from Malaysia and a few 1,000 nautical miles from China’s coast, Pompeo stated.
“We are making clear: Beijing’s claims to offshore resources across most of the South China Sea are completely unlawful, as is its campaign of bullying to control them,” he stated.
The sea can also be a significant delivery route and has main fishing grounds.
In the South China Sea, the US seeks to protect peace and stability, uphold the liberty of the seas in a fashion according to worldwide legislation, keep the unimpeded stream of commerce and oppose any try to use coercion or drive to settle disputes, Pompeo stated.
He alleged that Beijing makes use of intimidation to undermine the sovereign rights of Southeast Asian coastal nations within the South China Sea, bully them out of offshore sources, assert unilateral dominion and change worldwide legislation with “might makes right.”
Beijing’s method has been clear for years, Pompeo stated. In 2010, then Chinese overseas minister Yang Jiechi informed his ASEAN counterparts that “China is a big country and other countries are small and that is just a fact”, he stated, including that the Chinese predatory world view has no place within the 21st century.
China “has no legal grounds to unilaterally impose its will on the region”, the secretary of state stated. Beijing has provided no coherent authorized foundation for its “Nine-Dashed Line” declare within the South China Sea since formally asserting it in 2009, he added.
In a unanimous determination on July 12, 2016, an Arbitral Tribunal constituted below the 1982 legislation of the ocean convention- to which China is a state party- rejected the nation’s maritime claims as having no foundation in worldwide legislation. The tribunal sided squarely with the Philippines, which introduced the arbitration case, “on almost all claims”, Pompeo stated.
The announcement by the Trump administration was welcomed by a number of high American lawmakers.
The announcement makes clear that the US will help its regional allies within the defence of a free and open Indo-Pacific area, stated Senator Marco Rubio.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) can’t be allowed to illegally assert management over maritime territory within the area and the US has rightly rejected all of Beijing’s spurious claims, he stated.
“China’s unlawful actions will not be tolerated and I urge my colleagues in Congress to swiftly pass my bipartisan South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act (S.1634) to impose costs on Chinese individuals and entities for their flagrant violations of international law,” Rubio stated.
US President Donald Trump as soon as once more countered Chinese aggression by rejecting its absurd claims within the South China Sea, stated Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart.
“The US must continue to oppose PRC bullying, deception, IP theft and human rights abuses,” he stated.
This is a “smart move”, stated Senator Jim Inhofe. “The PRC’s claims in the South China Sea are unlawful, plain and simple. The U.S. stands against Beijing’s bullying, and with our allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific region,” he stated in a tweet.
On Monday, the Chinese Embassy in Washington criticised Pompeo’s announcement, calling the accusations “completely unjustified.”
The US “distorts the facts and international law … , exaggerates the situation in the region and attempts to sow discord between China and other littoral countries,” the Chinese Embassy stated in a press release.

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Shekh Shahrukh

Shekh Shahrukh is a digital marketer, Entrepreneur, and a Journalism student at Delhi University. A news writer by day and news seeker by night, he is loathed to discuss himself in a third person but can be persuaded to do so from time to time.

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